Location: Sozopol, Bulgaria, Bulgaria
Season Dates: August 3, 2013 - September 1, 2013
Session Dates: Session 1: August 3-17, 2013; Session 2: 18 August - 1 September, 2013
Application Deadline: July 1, 2013
Discount for AIA members: 5% discount off the regular admission fee
Affiliation: Balkan Heritage Field School and Foundation (BH) - Bulgaria, Apollonia Pontica Excavation Team - Bulgaria, Archaeological Museum of Sozopol - Bulgaria and New Bulgarian University (NBU) - Bulgaria
Project Director: Dr. Krastina Panayotova, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and Teodora Bogdanova, Balkan Heritage archaeologist
Despite being one of the largest and richest Ancient Greek colonies in the Black sea region, Apollonia Pontica (present-day Sozopol, Bulgaria) was famous in Antiquity because of the colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis. According to Pliny the Elder (Pliny 34.29) and Strabo (Strabo, 7.319) the 13-meter high bronze sculpture cost 500 Talents. It was raised in the fifth century B.C. in/in front of the temple dedicated to Apollo Ietros (the Healer) - patron deity of Apollonia Pontica. In 72 B.C. the Romans under Marcus Lucullus sacked the city and the colossal sculpture was transported to Rome as a trophy. It was exhibited for several centuries on the Capitoline Hill. During the Early Christian period it was lost - probably destroyed as many other pagan artefacts.
Epigraphic sources mention that the temple of Apollo was situated on an island, identified by most of the scholars with St. Kirik Island - the closest one to the ancient city. However, until recently there was no archaeological evidence where the temple was situated.
The tiny island of St. Kirik is connected with the mainland and the Old Town Quarter of Sozopol by a short and narrow breakwater (built in 1927). Its name originates from the medieval monastery dedicated to St. Kirik and St.Yulita (St. Cyricus and his mother St. Julitta) that once existed there. The first archaeological survey on the island was conducted in 1904 by the French consul and scholar L. Degrand. The results from the excavations were never published and many precious artefacts from Archaic and Classical Greek period found there were transported to France and exhibited in the Louvre. For app. 100 years after that the territory of St. Kirik Island was used as a military zone by the Bulgarian Ministry of Defence. In 2005 the island was demilitarized and in 2009 the Apollonia Pontica Excavation Team lead by Dr. Krastina Panayotova restarted the excavations. For the last two years the team unearthed there:
All participants will receive:
Participants will use the tools and equipment available at the site and are not expected to bring any additional equipment.
Period(s) of Occupation: Archaic and Classical Greek, Hellenistic, Roman, and Early Byzantine (seventh century B.C. - seventh century A.D.)
Project Size: 25-49 participants
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 1 session (2 weeks)
Minimum Age: 18
Experience Required: No, but all participants are expected to have some (at least theoretical) background in archaeological field techniques and methods.
Room and Board Arrangements
In uptown hotel rooms (with two to three beds, bathrooms with WC and shower), equipped with air-conditioning. Three meals per day are covered by the admission fee. Requests for vegetarian food are also accepted!
Cost: Early Bird Admission fee (valid through April 1st 2013): €1,259 (app. $1,510 but please check current exchange rates) including all educational and fieldwork activities, tools, materials, full-board accommodation, administrative costs, Project Handbook, issue of Certificate of Attendance and excursions/sightseeing tours/entrance fees. Regular Admission fee (valid after April 1st 2013): €1,399 (app. $1,799). Discounts off the regular admission fee are available in case of: 1) AIA membership 2) Participation in more than 1 BH project or project session in 2013. 3) Small Groups (two or three people, who participate in a BH project in 2013). 4) Larger Groups (four or more people, who participate in a BH project in 2013).
Name of institution offering credit: New Bulgarian University, Bulgaria
Number of credits offered: New Bulgarian University grants to students six credits for participation in one project session and nine credits for participation in two sessions. Transcript is available upon request for an additional tuition fee.
Tuition: €345 / 515 for 6/9 credits (for students outside EU). Participants who don't need academic credits, won't be expected to pay for the tuition fee.
Ms. Anna Parmakova - Admissions / Balkan Heritage Field School
204 Sveta Troitsa str.
Stara Zagora, BG-6004
Phone: +359 877 725 057, +359 888 165 402
Boardman, J. 1999. The Greeks Overseas. Their Early Colonies and Trade (fourth edition). Thames & Hudson.
Bouzek, J. 2003. Studies of Greek Pottery in the Black Sea Area. Oxford.
Grammenos, D. V., Petropoloulos, E. K. 2003. Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea. Vol. 1. Publications of the Archaeological institute of Northern Greece, Nr. 4.
Grant J., Sam Gorin and Neil Fleming. 2008. The Archaeology Coursebook: an introduction to themes, sites, methods and skills. Routledge.
Renfrew, Colin and Paul Bahn. 2006. Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. New York.
Sparkes, B. 1991. Greek Pottery. The Introduction. Manchester University Press.
Theodore Pena, J. 2007.Pottery in the Archaeological Record.Cambridge University Press.
Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. 2006, 2008. Greek Colonisation: v. 1, 2: An Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas. Brill.