Location: Redondo, , Portugal
The Caladinho Archaeological Project is seeking qualified applicants for its 5th season of excavation in the central Alentejo region of Portugal.
Excavation of the Structure
Previous fieldwork at Caladinho uncovered the remains of a fortified structure related to the Roman colonization of the region in the first century B.C.E. Caladinho is the first example of one of these small, fortified, rural structures to be systematically excavated in the Alentejo region. The primary goal of this project is the identification of the inhabitants, the chronology of the site's occupation, and its place within the larger regional context. This upcoming season of fieldwork will complete the excavation of the main structure and continue targeted archaeological reconnaissance of the remainder of the site.
The last three seasons of fieldwork at Caladinho have revealed many thousands of artifacts, and their analysis plays an important role in our understanding of the site. Thus far, several thousand sherds have already been analyzed in our field lab, and this work has greatly aided our interpretation of Caladinho, its occupational history, and its place within the larger region. Students on the project will have the opportunity to work closely with recording and analyzing artifacts both in the field and in the lab and, under the direction of experienced supervisors, gain an understanding of the material culture from this period and region. Understanding the material culture at Caladinho sheds light on the inhabitants of this structure as well as social and economic connections of the central Alentejo in the first century B.C.E.
Regional Responses to Ancient Colonization
Given that many similar structures dot the Alentejan landscape, Caladinho's position within the larger regional context is quite important to its interpretation. These small, fortified structures appear at the moment of the colonial encounter between Romans and indigenous Lusitanians. Large-scale survey of the Alentejo, undertaken in response to the building of the Alqueva Dam, has revealed numerous archaeological sites which, when considered together, paint a picture of indigenous resistance, imperial acquisition, and a complex negotiation of territorial and ideological boundaries. By contextualizing Caladinho as part of a larger, regional response to colonial action, we hope to shed light on the processes, responses, and entanglements which resulted from the Roman reorganization of this region.
GIS Analysis and Surveillance
Caladinho's location affords it a superlative view of the surrounding countryside, and the other structures of this type are similarly positioned within the landscape. Analysis of these structures via Geographic Information Systems (GIS) modeling suggests that surveillance played an important role in determining the location of many of these structures. Our work seeks to re-theorize surveillance and surveillance structures in the archaeological record in order to better understand surveilled landscapes in a colonial context. Through viewshed analyze of Caladinho and many other sites in the region, we are creating a model of a colonial environment in which "watching" and "being watched" are categories embedded in the landscape. This data and analysis suggests a new way to understand how control over trade routes, population centers, and natural resources was gained and maintained in this and other regions.
Field school students will receive instruction in excavation and surveying techniques, the handling and processing of artifacts, and the drawing of exposed areas and features.
Period(s) of Occupation: Late Iron Age/Early Roman Period
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 2 weeks
Room and Board Arrangements
Academic CreditNumber of credits offered: none
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